- Late 10th Century: Slavs built a castle
on the Schlossberg which later gave the city its name (gradec = little
- 1128: Graz is first documented
- 1147: Streetmarket in Sackstrasse is started
- 1160: second market on todays Hauptplatz
- 15th Century: Friedrich III of Habsburg,
whos favourite residence was Graz, was elected to be the Emporer of
the "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" in 1452. He
made Graz into a imperial city. A castle dates back to this time,
of which now only the double spiral staircase still exists. Like the
building of the Hofkirche, of todays Doms. There you can also find
the famous motto of the Emporer "AEIOU" (Austria rules the
- 16th Century: A large part of the population
are protestant. Karl II brings Jesuiten to Graz and with his help
carries out the reformation.
- 1585: foundations of the first university
under Karl II
- 1619: Ferdinand II the son of Karl II is
elected as E . Graz looses out as the court is moved to Vienna
- Until 1749: Graz remained the capital City
of Inner Austrian Countries (Styria, Carintnia, Krain. Slovinia, Görz,
- 1797: The french army moves over Styria
to Vienna, They occupy Graz, Bruck an der Mur, Leoben and other cities.
- 1809: following the agreement of peace from
Vienna. The fortifications were orderd to be blown up., the bell tower
and clock tower survived. The Schlossberg fortress was never taken
- From 1840: development into large city.
- 1848: Closure of the south train station.
- 1894: The railway up to the Schlossberg
- 1906: first Graz trade fair. There take
place every year in spring and autumn.
- 1916: Construction of the "Kriegsteig"
on the Schlossberg
- 1938: almost 2 weeks before the Germans
troops cross the border, the "Grazer Volkserhebung" (people
uprising) takes place in Graz. A sympathy rally to Hitler.
- 1945: Troops from the Soviet union were
the first to liberate the area, followed by the British who occupied
Graz until 1955
- 1999: Graz is nominated by UNESCO as world
- 2003: Cultural Capital of Europe.